What is the best protection for the body? Vaccination?

What is the best protection for the body? Vaccination?

What is the best protection for the body? Vaccination?

The understanding of how sleep and our immune system are connected is becoming more important as we normalize long working hours and shorten sleep duration. The powerful effects that sleep have on our immune system and vice versa have been extensively studied. Sleep science has been advancing throughout the years and it has become more apparent that people who do not get sufficient sleep are more likely to get sick and take longer to recover (Lack of Sleep: Can It Make You Sick? – Mayo Clinic, n.d.). This can be explained through biological evidence of what happens to our immune system when we sleep.

Firstly, we should understand our circadian rhythm, which is related to the physical, mental, and behavioural changes that follow a 24-hour cycle (Circadian Rhythms, n.d.). These changes are affected by the light and dark, and this includes when we feel sleepy and fall asleep easier. This system also regulates immunological processes. These immune functions have prominent rhythms that are synced with the circadian rhythm. For example, immune cells, like cytotoxic NK cells, peak during the wake period; whereas, immune memory cells like central memory T cells peak during the night (Besedovsky et al., 2012).

Getting enough sleep is essential to obtaining a balance in these immune cells which ensures we have a functioning immune system.  

Additionally, sleep and the immune system have a bi-directional relationship. When we are sick, our sleep architecture is altered to increase the interaction between immune signaling molecules, like cytokine, and brain neurochemical systems, like serotonin (Besedovsky et al., 2012). It is hypothesized that these alterations are made to support the generation of fever. During the course of most infections, it was found that there is an increase in the amount of NREM sleep and a decrease in the amount of REM sleep (Besedovsky et al., 2012). If the infection goes on for a while, sleep patterns can be greatly altered by a poorly functioning immune system.

Another indicator of how sleep is connected to the immune system is that sleep disorders are often associated with chronic inflammatory diseases (Lorton et al., 2006). These chronic inflammatory diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia and are often related to chronic fatigue syndrome (Lorton et al., 2006). Sleep can help us fight off infections and reduce the risk of catching a cold. Sleep should be considered a vital part of the immune system and we should not underestimate the importance of sleep.

By Gracia Lai

April 25, 2022

Solution to understand and improve your sleep quality:

Belun remoVital monitoring system for real-time monitoring in daytime and nighttime

How can we know about our sleep quality?

Sleep quality is so important. Better sleep quality can help our immune system. However, how can we know about our sleep quality? If you find yourself sleepy in the day time after 7 hours of sleep. Your sleep could be interrupted by one of the sleep disorders and probably you may consider to see doctor to seek their advice. Or if your snoring causes problems to others, it could be a symptom of a sleep-breathing disorder that causes disturbance to your bed partner and snoring definitely affects your sleep quality. Another case, if you have high blood pressure without an obvious reason, your breathing problem during sleep could give extra burden to your heart. If you found you have one of these situation, You are recommend to conduct a sleep test in order to know your sleep quality.

Sleep Test by Belun

Belun Sleep Health Platform can capture sleep data and conduct analysis to generate sleep test report

Belun provides Sleep Test services through evidence-based Sleep Health Platform Over 15,000+ sleep reports generated by our machine learning analysis from 160M+ data segments. Moreover, it is a comfortable measurement with a FDA approved, small, lightweight, cableless, and ergonomically designed ring. It is a cost-effective test that can be conducted at home for multiple-nights and no need to stay in hospital over night (ONLY one night). With the proprietary AI algorithm for sleep analysis, it is fast and accurate with high sensitivity (0.85) and specificity (0.87) of Belun Ring-AHI (bAHI)≥ 15 in predicting PSG-AHI≥ 15 as well as significant correlations with PSG in both total sleep time (TST) and AHI.

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Partnering with Belun

Up to now, over 32 organizations partners including HK hospital authority hospitals, medial groups, clinic groups, dentists and elderly centres selected to use Belun Sleep health platform, Belun Ring and Sleep App and Belun remoVital monitoring system. Many doctors read our medical journal papers including: 1) “Belun Ring Platform: a novel home sleep apnea testing system for assessment of obstructive sleep apnea” (https://jcsm.aasm.org/doi/10.5664/jcsm.8592) and 2) “Detection of obstructive sleep apnea using Belun Sleep Platform wearable with neural network based algorithm and its combined use with STOP Bang questionnaire” (https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0258040). If you would like to know more about how to adopt Belun’s solution in your organization or home use, pls feel free to contact us to schedule a meeting by filling the form below:


Besedovsky, L., Lange, T., & Born, J. (2012). Sleep and immune
function. Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology463(1),
121–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/S00424-011-1044-0/FIGURES/4

Circadian Rhythms. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2022, from https://www.nigms.nih.gov/education/fact-sheets/Pages/circadian-rhythms.aspx

Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick? – Mayo Clinic. (n.d.).
Retrieved February 26, 2022, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/expert-answers/lack-of-sleep/faq-20057757

Lorton, D., Lubahn, C. L., Estus, C., Millar, B. A., Carter, J. L., Wood, C.
A., & Bellinger, D. L. (2006). Bidirectional communication between the
Brain and the Immune System: Implications for Physiological Sleep and Disorders
with Disrupted Sleep. Neuroimmunomodulation13(5–6),
357–374. https://doi.org/10.1159/000104864